Financial Tips, Personal Budgeting,

Blitzed! Why Pro Athletes Go Broke

Warren Sapp in TV Interview

Warren Sapp is a seven-time Pro Bowler, and has also won a Super Bowl. In April 2012, he filed for bankruptcy in the state of Florida. Photo Credit:

It's no secret that many professional athletes earn exorbitant amounts of money for their talents. In fact, their stratospheric salaries capture our imaginations so successfully that we often find ourselves lost in a collective daydream, pondering the ways we would spend—or invest—that amount of money, if only we were fortunate enough to find ourselves in their shoes. Though we may differ in how we would allocate our hypothetical earnings in our hypothetical lives as hypothetical pro athletes, we almost always seem to meet on common (though, cognitively biased) ground: we would surely be smarter with all that moolah than [insert name of highly paid athlete here]. Well, we might have been right all along. According to this USA Today article published in April, as many as 78 percent of NFL players go bankrupt or face serious financial problems within 2 years of ending their careers. PHOTOS: List of bankrupt athletes Yes, you read that correctly. More than 3 in 4  fumble the financial ball, as it were. But why?

Why Pro Athletes Go Broke

The factors contributing to financial ruin are numerous. Most people receiving a sudden windfall would be tempted to spend a good chunk of it quickly. This tendency might be pronounced when there's a sense of entitlement -- these are star athletes who have heard how great they are all their lives, after all.
The article continues with:
"When a 21-year-old kid gets such big numbers, they go out and buy the big house and the fancy car," said Robert Luna of SureVest Capital Management in Phoenix and the financial adviser to Arizona Cardinals offensive lineman Levi Brown. "Before they know it, they're out of the league and their income drops significantly."
So what does the average NFL player look like? Let's look at the numbers:

Average NFL player salary? $1.9 million

Average NFL player career length? 3.5 years (However, this is debated, with some claiming this number is closer to 6 or even 9 years.)

Average NFL player age? 27

However, these numbers don't tell us much other than the average NFL player is young, makes a sh*t-ton of money, and enjoys a relatively short career (though, 'enjoy' may not be the appropriate verb here). Aside from the various social issues we could broach, it's really an issue of financial literacy. And though we're all confident we'd be better suited to slow-burn all that hypothetical cash in a parallel universe where we exist as pro athletes, the reality is actually more sobering (in this universe, at least).

Sobering Up

If you're in need of a good cry, performing a simple Google search will return enough results to make you weep deeply for the financial future of your fellow man. For a culture that prizes conspicuous consumption and values the accumulation of material wealth as a means of attaining happiness, ironically most of us don't know jack about managing our finances. And we'll admit it, too. According to the 2011 Consumer Financial Literacy Survey Final Report, 2 in 5 Americans would give themselves a C, D, or F for their understanding of personal finance, and nearly 3 in 4 feel they could benefit from the advice of a financial professional. Nearly 50% are concerned about having insufficient retirement and “rainy day” savings and more than half do not maintain a budget or track expenditures. And if you were looking for additional salt for that wound: 43% of American workers have less than 10k in retirement savings. (Hint: if you expect you'll need $3,000/mo in retirement, you'll need over $500k in savings...) INFOGRAPHIC: How much do you actually need to retire?

But don't fret. All is not lost!

Whether it's witnessing the older generation bear the brunt of the recession or growing up with web-enhanced technologies (or perhaps a little bit of both), younger generations are taking a more social approach to their finances. TD Ameritrade's Annual Investor Index Survey Series reports that:
60% of those ages 22 to 34 say that they turn to friends, relatives and colleagues to stay informed about news and events shaping the economy and financial markets, compared to 43 percent of those in their parents' (Boomer) generation and only 31 percent of those in their grandparents' age (Mature) who felt the same. And, if they can't get help from Mom and Dad or a trusted co-worker, these younger investors are not afraid to look to social media for guidance. This "wisdom of crowds" approach to finance could be the reason one in three (33 percent) Gen Y respondents selected social networks as a valued source of financial information.
Donnie, you're out of your element.

"Walter, where'd you get such a nice ball bag?"
"Donnie, please."

Learn the Language of Finance

Ludwig Wittgenstein said "Language disguises thought." And the ancient Athenian playwright Aristophanes allegedly stated "High thoughts must have high language." In college, I had a linguistics professor who encouraged us to approach new problems or even a new job the same way we would a foreign language. Anyone who has learned a second language knows precisely what she means. Without the vocabulary and the knowledge of how to use it you have no frame of reference, like a child who wanders into the middle of a're simply out of your element. Personal finance is no different. Learn the language first, then apply it. And talk to people around you. You'll probably surprise yourself.    

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